Summer Reading: Hopkins and Hardy

Dante Gabriel Rossetti - La Pia de Tolomei 03

Last week, we looked at some summer reading for the Victorianist in all of us. I’m spending this summer preparing for exams with reading lists and will be sharing them over the next few weeks.

Today I thought we would look a little more closely at two of the poets that I included on the list: Gerard Manley Hopkins and Thomas Hardy.

I mentioned last time that Hopkins deserves to be on any Victorian list. Often “The Wreck of the Deutschland” or the commonly anthologized “Pied Beauty” with its celebration of “dappled things” will be included in a Victorian list. I’m including a lot more though. I need to include his nature and terrible sonnets and his very medieval works like “Angelus ad Virginem.” I also need “The Leaden Echo and the Golden Echo,” a poem so central to Hopkins’s aesthetic and the purpose of this blog.

Here’s the specific poems I’ve put on my exam lists:

Hopkins, Gerard Manley (1844-1889)
All poems from Catherine Phillips’s 1986 edition
Emphasized poems accompanied by an asterisk
“The Habit of perfection” (1866)
“Nondum” (1866)
“S. Thomae Aquinatis Rhythmus ad SS Sacramentum” (1876?)
“The Wreck of the Deutschland” (1876)*
“God’s Grandeur” (1877)*
“As Kingfishers Catch Fire, Dragonflies Draw Flame” (1877?)*
“The Sea and the Skylark” (1877)
“The Windhover” (1877)*
“Pied Beauty” (1877)*
“Duns Scotus’s Oxford” (1879)*
“Binsey Poplars” (1879)
“Felix Randal” (1880)
“Spring and Fall” (1880)*
“Inversnaid” (1881)
“Angelus ad Virginem” (1882) [Chaucer and MS Arundel 248 connection]
“The Leaden Echo and the Golden Echo” (1882)*
“The Blessed Virgin Mary Compared to the Air We Breathe” (1883)
The Sonnets of Desolation (Mentioned to Robert Bridges in 1885)*

  • “To Seem the Stranger”
  • “I Wake and Feel”
  • “No Worst, There Is None”
  • “Patience Hard Thing”
  • “Mine Own Heart”
  • “Carrion Comfort”

“To What Serves Mortal Beauty” (1888)
“That Nature Is a Heraclitean Fire and the Comfort of the Resurrection” (1888)*
“Thou art indeed just, Lord, if I contend” (1889)
“The Shepherd’s Brow” (1889)
“To R.B.” (1889)*

If you’re following along, try getting the poems from the Poetry Foundation. Searching for Hopkins and then clicking on the Bartleby link will give you the 1918 edition with Robert Bridges’s changes. You can read more about that difference here. Sometimes the changes are small, like in Hopkins’s final poem where Bridges changes “combs” to “moulds,” but there are other times when some of the metrical marks have been removed.

To R.B.

I personally prefer Catherine Phillips’s edition, but Norman Mackenzie also has an excellent one. If you’re looking to buy some of Hopkins’s poems, the writer’s guidelines for Hopkins Quarterly can be a good place to start. These are the texts that Hopkins scholars will cite when writing about the priest-poet.

If you’re wondering why I called Thomas Hardy a poet, then you’re in the right place. Maybe you’ve read some of his excellent novels like Tess or Jude. But Hardy wasn’t just an amazing Victorian novelist. He wrote over 900 poems, and focused exclusively on poetry for the last thirty years of his life.

Some of these poems even have links to his novels, taking place in the same mythic Wessex. There are also some short humorous poems like his “Epitaph for G. K. Chesterton.”

I’m using Gibson’s edition since it’s so comprehensive, but you could check some out at The Hardy Society.

Thomas Hardy The Complete Poems

You could start with some of his more famous poems with this list:

“Wessex Heights”
“Hap” (1866, 1898)
“Thoughts of Phena” (1898)
“Nature’s Questioning” (1898)
“The Impercipient (At a Cathedral Service)” (1898)
“Heiress and Architect” (1867, 1898)
“The Ruined Maid” (1866, 1901)
“I Look into my Glass” (1898)
“The Darkling Thrush” (1901)
“After a Journey”
“The Voice”

If you’re also interested in the ways that the past influences the present or how Victorians look back to the medieval period, then check out these poems on my list:

Medievalism, Ritualism, and Chronotope

Poems of the Past and the Present (1901)

“In Tenebris” (I, II, and III)
“The Lost Pyx: A Medieval Legend” [About the same Cross-in-Hand stone as in Tess]
“Tess’s Lament”

Moments of Vision and Miscellaneous Verses (1917)

“Quid Hoc Agis?”
“House of Silence”
“The Clock-Winder”
“The Shadow and the Stone”
“The Choirmaster’s Burial”

Time’s Laughingstocks and Other Verses (1909)

“In a Cathedral City”

Satires of Circumstance, Lyrics and Reveries (1914)

“The Ghost of the Past”
“The Coronation”
“Aquae Sulis”

Late Lyrics and Earlier (1923)

“The Wanderer”
“The Collector Cleans His Picture”
“Evelyn G of Christminster”
“The Children and Sir Nameless”
“The Chapel-Organist”
“The Inscription”

Human Shows, Far Phantasies, Songs, and Trifles (1925)

“Coming Up Oxford Street: Evening”

As always, if you’re reading any of these works throughout the summer, let me know. I’d love to hear what you think about them. And if you are also living a summer filled with diapers and reading whenever the newborn is asleep, let us know that too. Solidarity always helps.

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